Already? It's over? Nearly six months have passed since Super Bowl LIII, which means the NFL offseason is drawing to a close. And it means it's time for NFL training camps and the beginning of the 2019 season.
What has happened in the interim? Let's get you caught up on the comings, goings, rule changes and general controversies of the spring and summer months.
1. Pass interference is now reviewable
Owners approved a precedent-shattering expansion of replay in response to a massive officiating gaffe at the end of the NFC Championship Game. Coaches can challenge both offensive and defensive pass interference calls -- or no-calls -- and the replay official can stop the game to review them during the final two minutes of each half and overtime. The rule is in place for one year only, after which owners will decide whether to tweak it, discard it or make it permanent.
The NFL now will be able to correct obvious mistakes, but there is genuine fear that it will veer too far into the gray area of every-down contact between receivers and defenders. The potential frequency of late-game stoppages by the replay official is also a legitimate concern.
2. Kyler Murray ushers in a new era
The Arizona Cardinals' decision to make the 5-foot-10 Oklahoma quarterback the No. 1 overall draft pick symbolized a major change in league thinking. Teams have rarely employed quarterbacks with similar height. According to the Elias Sports Bureau, only five QBs who are 5-10 or shorter have thrown a regular-season pass since 1960. (Murray measured 5-9 7/8 in the summer of 2018 and 5-foot-10 1/8 during the combine in February 2019.)
Murray's spot at the top of the draft illustrates not only his dynamic playmaking ability but also a less rigid definition of quarterback makeup as teams scramble to find talent at the position.
3. Five teams change quarterbacks ... and one more isn't far away
In addition to the Cardinals replacing Josh Rosen with Murray, these teams procured new passers who should start soon if not immediately:
The Broncos then traded Case Keenum to the Washington Redskins, who also drafted Ohio State's Dwayne Haskins at No. 15 overall. Former starter Alex Smith is still recovering from a broken leg suffered in 2018.
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4. Odell Beckham Jr. was traded
The Giants' surprising offseason wasn't limited to their infatuation with Jones. Earlier, they consummated a series of trades that sent Beckham and pass-rusher Olivier Vernon to the Cleveland Browns for guard Kevin Zeitler, safety Jabrill Peppers and a series of draft picks, including No. 17 overall in 2019. The Giants lost patience with Beckham even after signing him to a contract extension last year that included $40 million in full guarantees. Here are some other notable offseason trades:
Two franchise-tagged players were traded. The San Francisco 49ers acquired defensive end Dee Ford from the Kansas City Chiefs for a second-round pick (2020), and then the Chiefs turned around and acquired defensive end Frank Clark from the Seattle Seahawks for 2020 picks in the first and third rounds and a swap of second-round picks.
The Philadelphia Eagles acquired running back Jordan Howard from the Chicago Bears for a sixth-round pick in 2020. They also got receiver DeSean Jackson from the Tampa Bay Buccaneers for a swap of draft choices.
And, as mentioned above, the Broncos traded Keenum and acquired Flacco.
5. The Steelers bid farewell to two of the three B's
After years of acrimony, the Steelers traded receiver Brown to Oakland and let running back Le'Veon Bell leave via free agency (New York Jets), making quarterback Ben Roethlisberger the only remaining member of a trio they had hoped would lead them to a Super Bowl championship. And they took an incredible hit to do it, most notably absorbing Brown's $21.2 million cap charge for 2019.
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6. Ex-Patriots dominate free agency
The Super Bowl LIII champions lost two key players to massive contracts in the March free-agent market. Left tackle Trent Brown signed a deal that will guarantee him $36.25 million over the next two seasons with the Raiders. Meanwhile, defensive end Trey Flowers went to the Detroit Lions for a guaranteed $40 million over the next two seasons. Other notable (non-quarterback) free-agent moves included:
Receiver Adam Humphries moved from the Buccaneers to the Titans, turning down a late offer from the Patriots that might have displaced veteran Julian Edelman. Receiver Randall Cobb moved from the Green Bay Packers to the Dallas Cowboys; receiver Cole Beasley moved from the Cowboys to the Buffalo Bills; and receiver Golden Tate signed with the Giants.
The Jets signed running back Bell and linebacker C.J. Mosley, and also agreed to terms with linebacker Anthony Barr. But Barr changed his mind during the negotiating period and returned to the Minnesota Vikings.
7. Goodbye, Gronk
Patriots tight end Rob Gronkowski, a future member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame and one of the liveliest characters in modern league history, announced the end of his career. Rumors have circulated that he would consider rejoining the team during the season, and he has worked out with Patriots quarterback Tom Brady this summer, but as of now, he appears set to move full time into the entertainment industry.
Other notable NFL retirements included defensive ends Chris Long and Julius Peppers, centers Ryan Kalil and Max Unger, receivers Doug Baldwin and Jordy Nelson, running back Jamaal Charles, quarterback Josh McCown and kicker Sebastian Janikowski.
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8. Russell Wilson stops short of major precedent
The Seahawks quarterback took the mantle as the NFL's highest-paid player (for now) by signing a contract extension that would pay him $140 million through 2023. In the process, Wilson decided against pursuing a structure -- with full guarantees or perhaps one tied to salary-cap fluctuation -- that would have upended the market in a more fundamental way. It wasn't his obligation; at 31, Wilson ultimately would have had the leverage to pursue anything he wanted. Other notable contract extensions included:
The Steelers' Roethlisberger, 37, signed a deal that means the quarterback will be with the team for at least the next two seasons. He will be paid $61 million over that time period.
Eagles quarterback Carson Wentz signed a deal that cemented the team's commitment to him, despite two years of injuries and the success of backup Foles. It will pay him $56.4 million through 2020.
Cowboys defensive end DeMarcus Lawrence avoided another year under the franchise tag by signing a deal that will pay him $48 million over the next two seasons.
9. Patrick Peterson leads a long list of suspensions
The Cardinals' Pro Bowl cornerback will miss the first six games of the season after violating the league's performance-enhancing drug policy. They will be the first regular-season games he has missed since entering the NFL in 2011, as he has made 128 consecutive starts. But he's not the only one facing suspension.
The Browns signed running back Kareem Hunt, but he will serve an eight-game suspension to start the season as discipline for shoving and kicking a woman in a hotel in 2018.
Offensive guard Richie Incognito of the Raiders is suspended two games under the personal conduct policy.
Patriots tight end Benjamin Watson will serve four games under the performance-enhancing drug policy.
Jets tight end Chris Herndon will also face four games under the personal conduct policy.
Cowboys defensive end Randy Gregory is suspended indefinitely under the substance abuse policy.
10. Tyreek Hill investigated, not suspended
The NFL mulled discipline options for the All-Pro Chiefs receiver after his fiancée accused him in an audio tape of abusing their 3-year-old son, who had suffered a broken arm. Ultimately, the NFL could not identify a violation of its personal conduct policy.
Hill has not been charged with a crime, but he met with NFL investigators for eight hours on June 26. NFL policy makes clear that players can be punished even in cases where there was no criminal conviction. Hill is free to report to training camp, practice with the team and play in preseason and regular-season games.
11. Yet more referee turnover
The NFL was forced to replace three more referees, bringing the total to seven in the past two years, and 11 (of 17) in the past five. A transition was expected due to a number of veterans nearing retirement age, but the process accelerated when three referees resigned to join television networks. The collective brain drain will have an effect, especially in an era of quick-turn rule change, midseason tweaks and the apparent end of the full-time program. Officiating once again will be a major storyline in the NFL this season.
12. Positive concussion data
Diagnosed concussions dropped nearly 25% from 2017-2018, halting a rise that had deeply concerned league officials and spawned a wide-ranging plan of action. The reduction coincided with the introduction of two new rules: a prohibition of lowering the helmet to initiate contact and a redesigned kickoff. Additionally, certain helmet models will be banned in 2019.
13. Oklahoma drill banned
Although few teams use it anymore, the league recommended that they dispatch it -- along with several other high-contact drills -- from their list of possibilities. The request was spawned from medical data that showed a high rate of concussions early in training camp, especially among linemen. Presented with the data during a meeting in April, a group of current and former NFL players, coaches and executives recommended the change.
14. CBA talks begin
The league's collective bargaining agreement with players is set to expire after the 2020 season, leading to a series of meetings between the sides beginning in April and continuing into the summer. Owners are motivated to extend the deal before the 2019 season begins, in part due to their celebration of the NFL's 100th season and also looming negotiations with their broadcast rights holders. Players are in less of a rush but are willing to find out what, if anything, owners might be willing to concede in order to get an early agreement.
15. Todd Gurley speculation scares everyone
Tea-leaf readers continued to fret about the future of the Rams' tailback, who did not participate in the team's offseason field work. When you add that absence to his limited role at the end of the 2018 regular season and during the playoffs, there is genuine reason for worry. The Rams have refused to address reports that Gurley has an arthritic condition in his knee. Is he ready to resume his role as an every-down back? Or has his career permanently downshifted, one year after he signed a contract extension that will pay him $27 million by the end of this season? Perhaps training camp will provide those answers.
16. Melvin Gordon planning a holdout
Absent an agreement on a major contract extension, the Chargers' running back plans to hold out from training camp. Gordon's hard line is understandable. He's 26 years old and has accumulated the second-most touches in the NFL (1,079) since entering the league in 2015.
The Chargers now face a difficult decision. Should they accommodate Gordon to maximize their current Super Bowl window? Or should they move on with a cheaper and younger rusher?
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At least one other potential holdout looms over the opening of camp: Houston Texans pass-rusher Jadeveon Clowney did not sign his franchise-tag tender, and he is expected to miss most, if not all, of training camp.
17. The Jets are greener than ever
The Jets will have new uniforms for the first time in 20 years. Gone are the white helmets, replaced by a customized shade of green created by Nike. It's called Gotham Green. (Get it?!) The Jets' other colors are known as "spotlight white" and "stealth black." For anyone who forgot the team's nickname, the uniforms will have a design that resembles a jet's flight trail on the shoulders and down the pant legs.
18. The Sean McVay tree sprouted
Seemingly every owner wanted a piece of what McVay has brought to the Rams. In two seasons, he has coached the team to as many regular-season wins (24) as any other NFL team while also guiding them to an appearance in Super Bowl LIII. Along the way, he has resurrected quarterback Goff from a disastrous rookie campaign with a creative offense that has led the league with 31.4 points per game over that span. As a result:
The Cincinnati Bengals hired his 2018 quarterbacks coach, Zac Taylor, as their head coach.
The Packers hired his 2017 offensive coordinator, Matt LaFleur, as their head coach.
The Cardinals hired deposed Texas Tech coach Kliff Kingsbury, whom McVay tried to hire as an assistant.
19. The Raiders landed 'Hard Knocks'
After putting up an exceptionally fierce facade of disinterest, the Raiders were assigned to the popular HBO training camp documentary. There will be no shortage of material, from coach Jon Gruden's legendary long hours to a lively roster that includes Antonio Brown, linebacker Vontaze Burfict, quarterback Nathan Peterman, offensive lineman Incognito and safety Lamarcus Joyner. Odds seem high of an early scene featuring Gruden reporting to work before 4 a.m.